Tennessee Education Snapshot A TENNESSEECAN RESEARCH REPORT

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The cost

Our education system

Expenditures

K–12 expenditures
Year Current K–12 expenditures per pupil ADA Total K–12 Operating Expenditures
2006–2007$7,794$6,923,127,562
2010–2011$9,084$8,155,886,601
2012–2013$9,307$8,447,759,275
2013–2014$9,346$8,534,277,859
2014–2015$9,245$8,561,439,983
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Notes:
1. Adjusted for inflation; Operating Expenditures Per Pupil ADA includes: Current Expenditures Per LEA Financial Report (excluding Student Body Education and Adult Education); U.S.D.A. Commodity Value; and State Level Program and Administrative Expenses. – See more at: https://www.tn.gov/education/article/2015-annual-statistical-report#sthash.ktYmWBSf.dpuf
2. Figures are listed based on the ADA reported numbers in the TDOE Annual Statistical Reports, while future per pupil expenditures will be reported using average daily membership (ADM).

Percentage of Revenues for Public Schools
Federal
State
Local
Federal
State
Local
Federal
State
Local
Federal
State
Local
Federal
State
Local
Current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools (not adjusted for inflation)
 Value
1. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
$20,530Value
$20,530
2. New York
New York
$19,529Value
$19,529
3. New Jersey
New Jersey
$18,523Value
$18,523
4. Alaska
Alaska
$18,217Value
$18,217
5. Connecticut
Connecticut
$17,321Value
$17,321
6. Vermont
Vermont
$17,286Value
$17,286
7. Wyoming
Wyoming
$15,815Value
$15,815
8. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
$15,321Value
$15,321
9. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
$14,889Value
$14,889
10. Maryland
Maryland
$14,086Value
$14,086
11. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
$14,050Value
$14,050
12. Delaware
Delaware
$13,653Value
$13,653
13. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
$13,445Value
$13,445
14. Maine
Maine
$12,655Value
$12,655
15. Illinois
Illinois
$12,443Value
$12,443
T-16. Hawaii
Hawaii
$11,743Value
$11,743
T-16. Nebraska
Nebraska
$11,743Value
$11,743
18. North Dakota
North Dakota
$11,615Value
$11,615
19. Ohio
Ohio
$11,276Value
$11,276
20. West Virginia
West Virginia
$11,257Value
$11,257
21. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
$11,186Value
$11,186
22. Minnesota
Minnesota
$11,065Value
$11,065
23. Virginia
Virginia
$10,960Value
$10,960
United States
United States
$10,763Value
$10,763
24. Montana
Montana
$10,662Value
$10,662
25. Louisiana
Louisiana
$10,539Value
$10,539
26. Michigan
Michigan
$10,515Value
$10,515
27. Iowa
Iowa
$10,291Value
$10,291
28. Kansas
Kansas
$10,011Value
$10,011
29. Washington
Washington
$9,714Value
$9,714
30. Missouri
Missouri
$9,702Value
$9,702
31. Arkansas
Arkansas
$9,538Value
$9,538
32. South Carolina
South Carolina
$9,444Value
$9,444
33. Indiana
Indiana
$9,421Value
$9,421
34. Kentucky
Kentucky
$9,274Value
$9,274
35. California
California
$9,258Value
$9,258
36. Oregon
Oregon
$9,183Value
$9,183
37. New Mexico
New Mexico
$9,164Value
$9,164
38. Georgia
Georgia
$9,121Value
$9,121
39. Alabama
Alabama
$8,773Value
$8,773
40. Colorado
Colorado
$8,693Value
$8,693
41. South Dakota
South Dakota
$8,630Value
$8,630
42. Florida
Florida
$8,623Value
$8,623
43. Tennessee
Tennessee
$8,588Value
$8,588
44. North Carolina
North Carolina
$8,342Value
$8,342
45. Texas
Texas
$8,261Value
$8,261
46. Mississippi
Mississippi
$8,117Value
$8,117
47. Nevada
Nevada
$8,026Value
$8,026
48. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
$7,914Value
$7,914
49. Arizona
Arizona
$7,495Value
$7,495
50. Idaho
Idaho
$6,761Value
$6,761
51. Utah
Utah
$6,432Value
$6,432
 Value
1. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
$20,530Value
$20,530
2. New York
New York
$19,529Value
$19,529
3. New Jersey
New Jersey
$18,523Value
$18,523
4. Alaska
Alaska
$18,217Value
$18,217
5. Connecticut
Connecticut
$17,321Value
$17,321
6. Vermont
Vermont
$17,286Value
$17,286
7. Wyoming
Wyoming
$15,815Value
$15,815
8. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
$15,321Value
$15,321
9. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
$14,889Value
$14,889
10. Maryland
Maryland
$14,086Value
$14,086
11. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
$14,050Value
$14,050
12. Delaware
Delaware
$13,653Value
$13,653
13. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
$13,445Value
$13,445
14. Maine
Maine
$12,655Value
$12,655
15. Illinois
Illinois
$12,443Value
$12,443
T-16. Hawaii
Hawaii
$11,743Value
$11,743
T-16. Nebraska
Nebraska
$11,743Value
$11,743
18. North Dakota
North Dakota
$11,615Value
$11,615
 Value
19. Ohio
Ohio
$11,276Value
$11,276
20. West Virginia
West Virginia
$11,257Value
$11,257
21. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
$11,186Value
$11,186
22. Minnesota
Minnesota
$11,065Value
$11,065
23. Virginia
Virginia
$10,960Value
$10,960
United States
United States
$10,763Value
$10,763
24. Montana
Montana
$10,662Value
$10,662
25. Louisiana
Louisiana
$10,539Value
$10,539
26. Michigan
Michigan
$10,515Value
$10,515
27. Iowa
Iowa
$10,291Value
$10,291
28. Kansas
Kansas
$10,011Value
$10,011
29. Washington
Washington
$9,714Value
$9,714
30. Missouri
Missouri
$9,702Value
$9,702
31. Arkansas
Arkansas
$9,538Value
$9,538
32. South Carolina
South Carolina
$9,444Value
$9,444
33. Indiana
Indiana
$9,421Value
$9,421
34. Kentucky
Kentucky
$9,274Value
$9,274
35. California
California
$9,258Value
$9,258
 Value
36. Oregon
Oregon
$9,183Value
$9,183
37. New Mexico
New Mexico
$9,164Value
$9,164
38. Georgia
Georgia
$9,121Value
$9,121
39. Alabama
Alabama
$8,773Value
$8,773
40. Colorado
Colorado
$8,693Value
$8,693
41. South Dakota
South Dakota
$8,630Value
$8,630
42. Florida
Florida
$8,623Value
$8,623
43. Tennessee
Tennessee
$8,588Value
$8,588
44. North Carolina
North Carolina
$8,342Value
$8,342
45. Texas
Texas
$8,261Value
$8,261
46. Mississippi
Mississippi
$8,117Value
$8,117
47. Nevada
Nevada
$8,026Value
$8,026
48. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
$7,914Value
$7,914
49. Arizona
Arizona
$7,495Value
$7,495
50. Idaho
Idaho
$6,761Value
$6,761
51. Utah
Utah
$6,432Value
$6,432
 Value
1. New Jersey
New Jersey
$12,568Value
$12,568
2. New York
New York
$11,961Value
$11,961
3. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
$11,847Value
$11,847
4. Connecticut
Connecticut
$11,057Value
$11,057
5. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
$10,460Value
$10,460
6. Vermont
Vermont
$10,454Value
$10,454
7. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
$10,349Value
$10,349
8. Alaska
Alaska
$9,870Value
$9,870
9. Delaware
Delaware
$9,693Value
$9,693
10. Maine
Maine
$9,344Value
$9,344
11. Maryland
Maryland
$9,153Value
$9,153
12. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
$9,004Value
$9,004
13. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
$8,997Value
$8,997
14. Wyoming
Wyoming
$8,985Value
$8,985
15. Michigan
Michigan
$8,781Value
$8,781
16. Ohio
Ohio
$8,632Value
$8,632
17. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
$8,579Value
$8,579
18. West Virginia
West Virginia
$8,319Value
$8,319
19. Illinois
Illinois
$8,287Value
$8,287
20. Minnesota
Minnesota
$8,109Value
$8,109
21. Hawaii
Hawaii
$8,100Value
$8,100
22. Nebraska
Nebraska
$8,074Value
$8,074
23. Indiana
Indiana
$8,057Value
$8,057
United States
United States
$8,044Value
$8,044
24. Virginia
Virginia
$7,822Value
$7,822
25. Georgia
Georgia
$7,774Value
$7,774
26. Iowa
Iowa
$7,574Value
$7,574
27. California
California
$7,552Value
$7,552
28. Montana
Montana
$7,496Value
$7,496
29. Missouri
Missouri
$7,495Value
$7,495
30. Oregon
Oregon
$7,491Value
$7,491
31. Kansas
Kansas
$7,454Value
$7,454
32. Colorado
Colorado
$7,384Value
$7,384
33. Washington
Washington
$7,252Value
$7,252
34. Texas
Texas
$7,136Value
$7,136
35. New Mexico
New Mexico
$7,125Value
$7,125
36. South Carolina
South Carolina
$7,040Value
$7,040
37. Louisiana
Louisiana
$6,922Value
$6,922
38. North Dakota
North Dakota
$6,870Value
$6,870
39. Kentucky
Kentucky
$6,661Value
$6,661
40. North Carolina
North Carolina
$6,562Value
$6,562
41. South Dakota
South Dakota
$6,547Value
$6,547
42. Arkansas
Arkansas
$6,482Value
$6,482
43. Florida
Florida
$6,439Value
$6,439
44. Alabama
Alabama
$6,300Value
$6,300
45. Arizona
Arizona
$6,283Value
$6,283
46. Tennessee
Tennessee
$6,118Value
$6,118
T-47. Nevada
Nevada
$6,092Value
$6,092
T-47. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
$6,092Value
$6,092
49. Idaho
Idaho
$6,081Value
$6,081
50. Mississippi
Mississippi
$5,792Value
$5,792
51. Utah
Utah
$4,838Value
$4,838
 Value
1. New Jersey
New Jersey
$12,568Value
$12,568
2. New York
New York
$11,961Value
$11,961
3. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
$11,847Value
$11,847
4. Connecticut
Connecticut
$11,057Value
$11,057
5. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
$10,460Value
$10,460
6. Vermont
Vermont
$10,454Value
$10,454
7. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
$10,349Value
$10,349
8. Alaska
Alaska
$9,870Value
$9,870
9. Delaware
Delaware
$9,693Value
$9,693
10. Maine
Maine
$9,344Value
$9,344
11. Maryland
Maryland
$9,153Value
$9,153
12. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
$9,004Value
$9,004
13. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
$8,997Value
$8,997
14. Wyoming
Wyoming
$8,985Value
$8,985
15. Michigan
Michigan
$8,781Value
$8,781
16. Ohio
Ohio
$8,632Value
$8,632
17. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
$8,579Value
$8,579
18. West Virginia
West Virginia
$8,319Value
$8,319
 Value
19. Illinois
Illinois
$8,287Value
$8,287
20. Minnesota
Minnesota
$8,109Value
$8,109
21. Hawaii
Hawaii
$8,100Value
$8,100
22. Nebraska
Nebraska
$8,074Value
$8,074
23. Indiana
Indiana
$8,057Value
$8,057
United States
United States
$8,044Value
$8,044
24. Virginia
Virginia
$7,822Value
$7,822
25. Georgia
Georgia
$7,774Value
$7,774
26. Iowa
Iowa
$7,574Value
$7,574
27. California
California
$7,552Value
$7,552
28. Montana
Montana
$7,496Value
$7,496
29. Missouri
Missouri
$7,495Value
$7,495
30. Oregon
Oregon
$7,491Value
$7,491
31. Kansas
Kansas
$7,454Value
$7,454
32. Colorado
Colorado
$7,384Value
$7,384
33. Washington
Washington
$7,252Value
$7,252
34. Texas
Texas
$7,136Value
$7,136
35. New Mexico
New Mexico
$7,125Value
$7,125
 Value
36. South Carolina
South Carolina
$7,040Value
$7,040
37. Louisiana
Louisiana
$6,922Value
$6,922
38. North Dakota
North Dakota
$6,870Value
$6,870
39. Kentucky
Kentucky
$6,661Value
$6,661
40. North Carolina
North Carolina
$6,562Value
$6,562
41. South Dakota
South Dakota
$6,547Value
$6,547
42. Arkansas
Arkansas
$6,482Value
$6,482
43. Florida
Florida
$6,439Value
$6,439
44. Alabama
Alabama
$6,300Value
$6,300
45. Arizona
Arizona
$6,283Value
$6,283
46. Tennessee
Tennessee
$6,118Value
$6,118
T-47. Nevada
Nevada
$6,092Value
$6,092
T-47. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
$6,092Value
$6,092
49. Idaho
Idaho
$6,081Value
$6,081
50. Mississippi
Mississippi
$5,792Value
$5,792
51. Utah
Utah
$4,838Value
$4,838

Notes:
1. Current expenditures include public charter school expenditures but exclude capital and debt service expenditures. In Tennessee, capital expenditures include non-routine repairs and replacements costing at least $100,000 and new construction, land acquisition, equipment, and projects that extend the useful life of facilities. Debt service includes payments on debt obligations, including principal and interest payments.
2. State disparities in current per-pupil expenditures may exist based on what states classify as current expenses (for example, states set different capitalization thresholds that determine which expenses qualify as capital outlays and which do not).

Sources
  1. Graph 1: “State Report Card,” Tennessee Department of Education, accessed June 21, 2016, https://www.tn.gov/education/topic/report-card https://www.tn.gov/education/article/2015-annual-statistical-report
  2. Graph 3: “Current expenditure per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction,” U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics (search by year), last accessed February 3, 2016, https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/index.asp.
  3. Graph 3 notes: “Capital Budgeting in the States,” National Association of State Budget Officers (Spring 2014), accessed June 24, 2016, https://www.nasbo.org/sites/default/files/Capital%20Budgeting%20in%20the%20States.pdf.

Revenues

Percentage of revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source
 FederalStateLocal
United States 9.3 45.2 45.5
Alabama 11.8 54.8 33.4
Alaska 12.1 68.5 19.3
Arizona 13.6 42.2 44.1
Arkansas 12.1 51.9 35.9
California 11.2 54.3 34.5
Colorado 7.9 42.3 49.8
Connecticut 4.4 39.5 56.2
Delaware 10.1 58.8 31.1
Florida 12.6 38.6 48.8
Georgia 10.7 43.6 45.8
Hawaii 13.3 84.2 2.5
Idaho 11.9 64.0 24.0
Illinois 8.6 26.1 65.3
Indiana 8.7 56.0 35.3
Iowa 7.8 51.7 40.5
Kansas 8.6 55.1 36.4
Kentucky 12.3 54.5 33.2
Louisiana 15.2 43.3 41.6
Maine 7.6 39.9 52.5
Maryland 6.0 44.2 49.8
Massachusetts 5.7 39.4 54.9
Michigan 9.8 58.7 31.5
Minnesota 6.3 64.5 29.2
Mississippi 16.1 50.4 33.5
Missouri 9.0 32.8 58.2
Montana 12.9 48.1 39.0
Nebraska 9.4 32.0 58.5
Nevada 9.7 33.7 56.5
New Hampshire 5.7 35.5 58.8
New Jersey 4.4 40.8 54.8
New Mexico 15.2 68.6 16.2
New York 5.5 40.1 54.4
North Carolina 12.6 62.2 25.2
North Dakota 11.8 51.0 37.3
Ohio 8.6 43.5 47.9
Oklahoma 12.4 49.2 38.5
Oregon 9.2 49.4 41.4
Pennsylvania 8.0 35.9 56.2
Rhode Island 8.7 38.9 52.4
South Carolina 10.0 46.4 43.6
South Dakota 15.0 31.2 53.8
Tennessee 13.0 45.7 41.3
Texas 11.7 40.2 48.0
Utah 9.2 52.0 38.7
Vermont 7.1 88.9 4.0
Virginia 7.3 38.9 53.7
Washington 8.6 59.0 32.4
West Virginia 10.7 59.0 30.3
Wisconsin 7.9 45.0 47.2
Wyoming 6.7 52.0 41.3
 FederalStateLocal
United States 9.3 45.2 45.5
Alabama 11.8 54.8 33.4
Alaska 12.1 68.5 19.3
Arizona 13.6 42.2 44.1
Arkansas 12.1 51.9 35.9
California 11.2 54.3 34.5
Colorado 7.9 42.3 49.8
Connecticut 4.4 39.5 56.2
Delaware 10.1 58.8 31.1
Florida 12.6 38.6 48.8
Georgia 10.7 43.6 45.8
Hawaii 13.3 84.2 2.5
Idaho 11.9 64.0 24.0
Illinois 8.6 26.1 65.3
Indiana 8.7 56.0 35.3
Iowa 7.8 51.7 40.5
Kansas 8.6 55.1 36.4
Kentucky 12.3 54.5 33.2
Louisiana 15.2 43.3 41.6
Maine 7.6 39.9 52.5
Maryland 6.0 44.2 49.8
Massachusetts 5.7 39.4 54.9
Michigan 9.8 58.7 31.5
Minnesota 6.3 64.5 29.2
Mississippi 16.1 50.4 33.5
Missouri 9.0 32.8 58.2
 FederalStateLocal
Montana 12.9 48.1 39.0
Nebraska 9.4 32.0 58.5
Nevada 9.7 33.7 56.5
New Hampshire 5.7 35.5 58.8
New Jersey 4.4 40.8 54.8
New Mexico 15.2 68.6 16.2
New York 5.5 40.1 54.4
North Carolina 12.6 62.2 25.2
North Dakota 11.8 51.0 37.3
Ohio 8.6 43.5 47.9
Oklahoma 12.4 49.2 38.5
Oregon 9.2 49.4 41.4
Pennsylvania 8.0 35.9 56.2
Rhode Island 8.7 38.9 52.4
South Carolina 10.0 46.4 43.6
South Dakota 15.0 31.2 53.8
Tennessee 13.0 45.7 41.3
Texas 11.7 40.2 48.0
Utah 9.2 52.0 38.7
Vermont 7.1 88.9 4.0
Virginia 7.3 38.9 53.7
Washington 8.6 59.0 32.4
West Virginia 10.7 59.0 30.3
Wisconsin 7.9 45.0 47.2
Wyoming 6.7 52.0 41.3
 FederalStateLocal
United States 8.5 48.7 42.8
Alabama 11.6 57.6 30.9
Alaska 17.7 56.8 25.5
Arizona 11.4 48.4 40.2
Arkansas 11.7 55.2 33.0
California 9.9 58.9 31.3
Colorado 6.5 43.1 50.4
Connecticut 5.2 37.4 57.4
Delaware 8.6 63.4 28.0
Florida 10.5 43.6 45.8
Georgia 8.1 48.2 43.7
Hawaii 8.2 90.1 1.7
Idaho 9.8 59.1 31.1
Illinois 8.5 33.0 58.5
Indiana 7.6 58.8 33.5
Iowa 7.4 46.6 46.0
Kansas 9.1 57.1 33.8
Kentucky 10.6 58.8 30.7
Louisiana 13.2 49.1 37.7
Maine 8.9 42.9 48.1
Maryland 6.7 38.3 55.0
Massachusetts 6.0 40.9 53.1
Michigan 7.8 63.3 28.9
Minnesota 5.9 73.8 20.2
Mississippi 15.4 53.8 30.8
Missouri 8.0 35.8 56.2
Montana 14.5 46.3 39.2
Nebraska 8.9 34.4 56.7
Nevada 7.0 30.2 62.8
New Hampshire 5.2 48.9 45.9
New Jersey 4.3 43.5 52.2
New Mexico 15.0 72.1 12.9
New York 7.0 45.6 47.5
North Carolina 9.6 63.7 26.7
North Dakota 15.3 36.8 47.9
Ohio 6.4 44.8 48.7
Oklahoma 12.7 54.7 32.6
Oregon 9.1 50.9 40.0
Pennsylvania 7.7 36.6 55.6
Rhode Island 6.5 42.0 51.5
South Carolina 9.8 48.1 42.1
South Dakota 15.7 33.7 50.6
Tennessee 10.0 43.8 46.1
Texas 9.9 40.9 49.2
Utah 9.3 56.4 34.3
Vermont 7.0 67.8 25.3
Virginia 6.6 39.6 53.8
Washington 9.0 61.8 29.2
West Virginia 10.6 61.4 27.9
Wisconsin 6.1 53.4 40.6
Wyoming 8.8 50.9 40.3
 FederalStateLocal
United States 8.5 48.7 42.8
Alabama 11.6 57.6 30.9
Alaska 17.7 56.8 25.5
Arizona 11.4 48.4 40.2
Arkansas 11.7 55.2 33.0
California 9.9 58.9 31.3
Colorado 6.5 43.1 50.4
Connecticut 5.2 37.4 57.4
Delaware 8.6 63.4 28.0
Florida 10.5 43.6 45.8
Georgia 8.1 48.2 43.7
Hawaii 8.2 90.1 1.7
Idaho 9.8 59.1 31.1
Illinois 8.5 33.0 58.5
Indiana 7.6 58.8 33.5
Iowa 7.4 46.6 46.0
Kansas 9.1 57.1 33.8
Kentucky 10.6 58.8 30.7
Louisiana 13.2 49.1 37.7
Maine 8.9 42.9 48.1
Maryland 6.7 38.3 55.0
Massachusetts 6.0 40.9 53.1
Michigan 7.8 63.3 28.9
Minnesota 5.9 73.8 20.2
Mississippi 15.4 53.8 30.8
Missouri 8.0 35.8 56.2
 FederalStateLocal
Montana 14.5 46.3 39.2
Nebraska 8.9 34.4 56.7
Nevada 7.0 30.2 62.8
New Hampshire 5.2 48.9 45.9
New Jersey 4.3 43.5 52.2
New Mexico 15.0 72.1 12.9
New York 7.0 45.6 47.5
North Carolina 9.6 63.7 26.7
North Dakota 15.3 36.8 47.9
Ohio 6.4 44.8 48.7
Oklahoma 12.7 54.7 32.6
Oregon 9.1 50.9 40.0
Pennsylvania 7.7 36.6 55.6
Rhode Island 6.5 42.0 51.5
South Carolina 9.8 48.1 42.1
South Dakota 15.7 33.7 50.6
Tennessee 10.0 43.8 46.1
Texas 9.9 40.9 49.2
Utah 9.3 56.4 34.3
Vermont 7.0 67.8 25.3
Virginia 6.6 39.6 53.8
Washington 9.0 61.8 29.2
West Virginia 10.6 61.4 27.9
Wisconsin 6.1 53.4 40.6
Wyoming 8.8 50.9 40.3
Source
  1. "Revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source of funds and state or jurisdiction," U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics (search by year), last accessed June 20, 2016, https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/.