Tennessee Education Snapshot A TENNESSEECAN RESEARCH REPORT

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Introduction

The Tennessee Education Snapshot is a data tool intended to be a comprehensive collection of facts and comparisons on the state of education in Tennessee public schools.

Below you’ll see where our education system stands and how it has changed over the last decade. It highlights gains—as well as continued areas of needed improvement in public education across Tennessee—and it compares our state to national averages in a variety of categories.

The data are interactive and easy to use, and we keep them as up-to-date as possible so you can always stay informed.

We benefit from being in a state that provides clear and transparent data on school, district, and state level performance in education. Please use this data to draw analyses about where our system is functioning and areas where we can see improvement. Let this tool be an opportunity to engage in conversation around the current state of education. In that vein, please share these data widely with friends, colleagues, and our broader Tennessee community.

Where components of our system are functioning and yielding strong student results, we should learn and share about those successes. Yet, our hope is also that the community uses this tool to think of creative and innovative ideas that will address those areas where we can use improvement.

Students

Our education system

Student demographics

Tennessee’s student population is growing more diverse every year. Today, 35 percent of students identify as students of color. Total enrollment in our public schools has grown steadily over the last decade.

K–12 enrollment BY RACE/ETHNICITY
White
Black
Hispanic or Latino
Asian Pacific
Native American
White
Black
Hispanic or Latino
Asian Pacific
Native American
White
Black
Hispanic or Latino
Asian Pacific
Native American

Notes:
1. Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.
2. Student group names are reported here the same way they are reported in the original source. This holds true throughout the report.

2a. English Learner students were formerly referred to as Limited English Proficient before 2012.
2b. Hispanic or Latino students were previously referred to as Hispanic before 2012.

K–12 enrollment BY OTHER SUBGROUPS
Economically disadvantaged
Economically disadvantaged
Economically disadvantaged
English learner students
English learner students
English learner students
Students with disabilities
Students with disabilities
Students with disabilities
Source
  1. “State Report Card,” Tennessee Department of Education, accessed June 21, 2016, https://www.tn.gov/education/topic/report-card

Teachers

Our education system

Teacher demographics

Number of teachers
Female
Male
Gender not reported
Female
Male
Gender not reported
Female
Male
Gender not reported

Note:
1. Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Source
  1. Tennessee Department of Education State Report Card. Last accessed June 21, 2016. https://www.tn.gov/education/topic/report-card

Teacher preparation

Teacher preparation program enrollment by race/ethnicity*
White
Black or African American
Hispanic/Latino
Asian
American Indian or Alaskan Native
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Two or more races

*The total number of enrolled candidates reported by teacher preparation programs does not match the number of candidates for whom race/ethnicity is reported. Therefore, race/ethnicity percentages are calculated using as the denominator the number of candidates for whom race/ethnicity is reported (7,191 candidates).

Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Teacher preparation program enrollment by gender*
Female
Male

*The total number of enrolled candidates reported by teacher preparation programs does not match the number of candidates for whom gender is reported. Therefore, gender percentages are calculated using as the denominator the number of candidates for whom gender is reported (7,668 candidates).

Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Number of candidates completing teacher preparation programs, by route
2004–2005 2011–2012 2012–2013 2013–2014
Traditional preparation programs3,5633,5603,6933,332
Alternative preparation programs1751,010754850
Total completers3,7384,5704,4474,182
swipe to explore the table
Top five credential areas pursued by teaching candidates in teacher preparation programs,* 2013–2014
  • Elementary education (K–6), 1,628 candidates
  • Middle grades education (4–8), 514 candidates
  • Special education modified (K–12), 447 candidates
  • Early childhood education (preK–3), 305 candidates
  • English (7–12), 281 candidates

*The total number of enrolled candidates reported by teacher preparation programs does not match the number of candidates for whom preparation in a specific credential area is reported. The top credential areas reported above are based on candidates for whom preparation in a specific credential area is reported

Source
  1. Graphs 1-4: “Tennessee Title II Report: Sections 1.d, 1.f, and 1.g,” U.S. Department of Education, accessed June 24, 2016, https://title2.ed.gov/Public/Home.aspx.

Schools

Our education system

School types and options

Number of school districts
2006–2007
2010–2011
2014–2015
Number of public schools
All public schools: {{max}}
Traditional public schools
Charter schools
Traditional public schools
Charter schools
Traditional public schools
Charter schools

*2015–2016 Projection by the Tennessee Charter School Center

Public school enrollment
All public schools: {{max}}
District-run school enrollment
Charter school enrollment
District-run school enrollment
Charter school enrollment
District-run school enrollment
Charter school enrollment

School demographics by type

Public school enrollment by race/ethnicity
African American
White
Latino
Asian/Pacific Islander
Native American

Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Public school enrollment by other subgroups
Low-income*
English-language learners
Students with disabilities

*Low-income students are those eligible for the National School Lunch Program. Students with family incomes below 130 percent of the Federal Poverty Level are entitled to free school lunch, and students with family incomes below 185 percent of the Federal Poverty Level are entitled to reduced-priced lunch. The 2015 Federal Poverty Level for a family of four was $24,250 in annual income.

Source
  1. Tennessee Department of Education State Report Card. Last accessed June 21, 2016. https://www.tn.gov/education/topic/report-card

Public charter school geography

Public charter schools first began operating in Tennessee in 2003. Since then, the number of schools and the enrollment has increased dramatically, with public charter schools now fanning out to all 4 major cities in the state serving nearly 30,000 Tennessee students.

Number of charter schools in the 4 major cities in Tennessee
Memphis
Nashville
Chattanooga
Knoxville
State
Memphis
Nashville
Chattanooga
Knoxville
State
Memphis
Nashville
Chattanooga
Knoxville
State
Source
  1. Tennessee Charter School Center, data courtesy of Hunter Schimpff, accessed June 14, 2016, http://www.tnchartercenter.org/

Pre-K/Kindergarten Access

Tennessee has a voluntary Pre-K initiative where at-risk 4-year-olds are given the opportunity to develop school readiness skills in state funded classrooms. In 2013–2014, over $85 million from the state education budget was allocated to school districts to operate 935 classrooms serving over 18,000 four-year-olds. Currently, well over half of Tennessee 3-and 4-year olds are still not attending school. In December 2014, the state won a $70 million federal grant to open 50 new pre-K classrooms in Memphis and Nashville.

Percentage of 3- and 4-year-olds attending school (public or private)
Tennessee
United States
Tennessee
United States
Tennessee
United States

Note: These figures are estimates based on U.S. Census data.

Sources
  1. “Tennessee wins $70 million Federal Pre-K Grant.” Chalkbeat TN, last accessed August 2, 2016, http://www.chalkbeat.org/posts/tn/2014/12/10/tennessee-wins-70-million-federal-pre-k-grant/#.V6nV7GSrQzU
  2. "American Fact Finder: Table B14003," U.S. Census Bureau, last accessed June 24, 2016, http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/searchresults.xhtml?refresh=t.

The cost

Our education system

Expenditures

K–12 expenditures
Year Current K–12 expenditures per pupil ADA Total K–12 Operating Expenditures
2006–2007$7,794$6,923,127,562
2010–2011$9,084$8,155,886,601
2012–2013$9,307$8,447,759,275
2013–2014$9,346$8,534,277,859
2014–2015$9,245$8,561,439,983
swipe to explore the table

Notes:
1. Adjusted for inflation; Operating Expenditures Per Pupil ADA includes: Current Expenditures Per LEA Financial Report (excluding Student Body Education and Adult Education); U.S.D.A. Commodity Value; and State Level Program and Administrative Expenses. – See more at: https://www.tn.gov/education/article/2015-annual-statistical-report#sthash.ktYmWBSf.dpuf
2. Figures are listed based on the ADA reported numbers in the TDOE Annual Statistical Reports, while future per pupil expenditures will be reported using average daily membership (ADM).

Percentage of Revenues for Public Schools
Federal
State
Local
Federal
State
Local
Federal
State
Local
Federal
State
Local
Federal
State
Local
Current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools (not adjusted for inflation)
 Value
1. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
$20,530Value
$20,530
2. New York
New York
$19,529Value
$19,529
3. New Jersey
New Jersey
$18,523Value
$18,523
4. Alaska
Alaska
$18,217Value
$18,217
5. Connecticut
Connecticut
$17,321Value
$17,321
6. Vermont
Vermont
$17,286Value
$17,286
7. Wyoming
Wyoming
$15,815Value
$15,815
8. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
$15,321Value
$15,321
9. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
$14,889Value
$14,889
10. Maryland
Maryland
$14,086Value
$14,086
11. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
$14,050Value
$14,050
12. Delaware
Delaware
$13,653Value
$13,653
13. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
$13,445Value
$13,445
14. Maine
Maine
$12,655Value
$12,655
15. Illinois
Illinois
$12,443Value
$12,443
T-16. Hawaii
Hawaii
$11,743Value
$11,743
T-16. Nebraska
Nebraska
$11,743Value
$11,743
18. North Dakota
North Dakota
$11,615Value
$11,615
19. Ohio
Ohio
$11,276Value
$11,276
20. West Virginia
West Virginia
$11,257Value
$11,257
21. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
$11,186Value
$11,186
22. Minnesota
Minnesota
$11,065Value
$11,065
23. Virginia
Virginia
$10,960Value
$10,960
United States
United States
$10,763Value
$10,763
24. Montana
Montana
$10,662Value
$10,662
25. Louisiana
Louisiana
$10,539Value
$10,539
26. Michigan
Michigan
$10,515Value
$10,515
27. Iowa
Iowa
$10,291Value
$10,291
28. Kansas
Kansas
$10,011Value
$10,011
29. Washington
Washington
$9,714Value
$9,714
30. Missouri
Missouri
$9,702Value
$9,702
31. Arkansas
Arkansas
$9,538Value
$9,538
32. South Carolina
South Carolina
$9,444Value
$9,444
33. Indiana
Indiana
$9,421Value
$9,421
34. Kentucky
Kentucky
$9,274Value
$9,274
35. California
California
$9,258Value
$9,258
36. Oregon
Oregon
$9,183Value
$9,183
37. New Mexico
New Mexico
$9,164Value
$9,164
38. Georgia
Georgia
$9,121Value
$9,121
39. Alabama
Alabama
$8,773Value
$8,773
40. Colorado
Colorado
$8,693Value
$8,693
41. South Dakota
South Dakota
$8,630Value
$8,630
42. Florida
Florida
$8,623Value
$8,623
43. Tennessee
Tennessee
$8,588Value
$8,588
44. North Carolina
North Carolina
$8,342Value
$8,342
45. Texas
Texas
$8,261Value
$8,261
46. Mississippi
Mississippi
$8,117Value
$8,117
47. Nevada
Nevada
$8,026Value
$8,026
48. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
$7,914Value
$7,914
49. Arizona
Arizona
$7,495Value
$7,495
50. Idaho
Idaho
$6,761Value
$6,761
51. Utah
Utah
$6,432Value
$6,432
 Value
1. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
$20,530Value
$20,530
2. New York
New York
$19,529Value
$19,529
3. New Jersey
New Jersey
$18,523Value
$18,523
4. Alaska
Alaska
$18,217Value
$18,217
5. Connecticut
Connecticut
$17,321Value
$17,321
6. Vermont
Vermont
$17,286Value
$17,286
7. Wyoming
Wyoming
$15,815Value
$15,815
8. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
$15,321Value
$15,321
9. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
$14,889Value
$14,889
10. Maryland
Maryland
$14,086Value
$14,086
11. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
$14,050Value
$14,050
12. Delaware
Delaware
$13,653Value
$13,653
13. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
$13,445Value
$13,445
14. Maine
Maine
$12,655Value
$12,655
15. Illinois
Illinois
$12,443Value
$12,443
T-16. Hawaii
Hawaii
$11,743Value
$11,743
T-16. Nebraska
Nebraska
$11,743Value
$11,743
18. North Dakota
North Dakota
$11,615Value
$11,615
 Value
19. Ohio
Ohio
$11,276Value
$11,276
20. West Virginia
West Virginia
$11,257Value
$11,257
21. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
$11,186Value
$11,186
22. Minnesota
Minnesota
$11,065Value
$11,065
23. Virginia
Virginia
$10,960Value
$10,960
United States
United States
$10,763Value
$10,763
24. Montana
Montana
$10,662Value
$10,662
25. Louisiana
Louisiana
$10,539Value
$10,539
26. Michigan
Michigan
$10,515Value
$10,515
27. Iowa
Iowa
$10,291Value
$10,291
28. Kansas
Kansas
$10,011Value
$10,011
29. Washington
Washington
$9,714Value
$9,714
30. Missouri
Missouri
$9,702Value
$9,702
31. Arkansas
Arkansas
$9,538Value
$9,538
32. South Carolina
South Carolina
$9,444Value
$9,444
33. Indiana
Indiana
$9,421Value
$9,421
34. Kentucky
Kentucky
$9,274Value
$9,274
35. California
California
$9,258Value
$9,258
 Value
36. Oregon
Oregon
$9,183Value
$9,183
37. New Mexico
New Mexico
$9,164Value
$9,164
38. Georgia
Georgia
$9,121Value
$9,121
39. Alabama
Alabama
$8,773Value
$8,773
40. Colorado
Colorado
$8,693Value
$8,693
41. South Dakota
South Dakota
$8,630Value
$8,630
42. Florida
Florida
$8,623Value
$8,623
43. Tennessee
Tennessee
$8,588Value
$8,588
44. North Carolina
North Carolina
$8,342Value
$8,342
45. Texas
Texas
$8,261Value
$8,261
46. Mississippi
Mississippi
$8,117Value
$8,117
47. Nevada
Nevada
$8,026Value
$8,026
48. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
$7,914Value
$7,914
49. Arizona
Arizona
$7,495Value
$7,495
50. Idaho
Idaho
$6,761Value
$6,761
51. Utah
Utah
$6,432Value
$6,432
 Value
1. New Jersey
New Jersey
$12,568Value
$12,568
2. New York
New York
$11,961Value
$11,961
3. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
$11,847Value
$11,847
4. Connecticut
Connecticut
$11,057Value
$11,057
5. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
$10,460Value
$10,460
6. Vermont
Vermont
$10,454Value
$10,454
7. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
$10,349Value
$10,349
8. Alaska
Alaska
$9,870Value
$9,870
9. Delaware
Delaware
$9,693Value
$9,693
10. Maine
Maine
$9,344Value
$9,344
11. Maryland
Maryland
$9,153Value
$9,153
12. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
$9,004Value
$9,004
13. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
$8,997Value
$8,997
14. Wyoming
Wyoming
$8,985Value
$8,985
15. Michigan
Michigan
$8,781Value
$8,781
16. Ohio
Ohio
$8,632Value
$8,632
17. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
$8,579Value
$8,579
18. West Virginia
West Virginia
$8,319Value
$8,319
19. Illinois
Illinois
$8,287Value
$8,287
20. Minnesota
Minnesota
$8,109Value
$8,109
21. Hawaii
Hawaii
$8,100Value
$8,100
22. Nebraska
Nebraska
$8,074Value
$8,074
23. Indiana
Indiana
$8,057Value
$8,057
United States
United States
$8,044Value
$8,044
24. Virginia
Virginia
$7,822Value
$7,822
25. Georgia
Georgia
$7,774Value
$7,774
26. Iowa
Iowa
$7,574Value
$7,574
27. California
California
$7,552Value
$7,552
28. Montana
Montana
$7,496Value
$7,496
29. Missouri
Missouri
$7,495Value
$7,495
30. Oregon
Oregon
$7,491Value
$7,491
31. Kansas
Kansas
$7,454Value
$7,454
32. Colorado
Colorado
$7,384Value
$7,384
33. Washington
Washington
$7,252Value
$7,252
34. Texas
Texas
$7,136Value
$7,136
35. New Mexico
New Mexico
$7,125Value
$7,125
36. South Carolina
South Carolina
$7,040Value
$7,040
37. Louisiana
Louisiana
$6,922Value
$6,922
38. North Dakota
North Dakota
$6,870Value
$6,870
39. Kentucky
Kentucky
$6,661Value
$6,661
40. North Carolina
North Carolina
$6,562Value
$6,562
41. South Dakota
South Dakota
$6,547Value
$6,547
42. Arkansas
Arkansas
$6,482Value
$6,482
43. Florida
Florida
$6,439Value
$6,439
44. Alabama
Alabama
$6,300Value
$6,300
45. Arizona
Arizona
$6,283Value
$6,283
46. Tennessee
Tennessee
$6,118Value
$6,118
T-47. Nevada
Nevada
$6,092Value
$6,092
T-47. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
$6,092Value
$6,092
49. Idaho
Idaho
$6,081Value
$6,081
50. Mississippi
Mississippi
$5,792Value
$5,792
51. Utah
Utah
$4,838Value
$4,838
 Value
1. New Jersey
New Jersey
$12,568Value
$12,568
2. New York
New York
$11,961Value
$11,961
3. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
$11,847Value
$11,847
4. Connecticut
Connecticut
$11,057Value
$11,057
5. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
$10,460Value
$10,460
6. Vermont
Vermont
$10,454Value
$10,454
7. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
$10,349Value
$10,349
8. Alaska
Alaska
$9,870Value
$9,870
9. Delaware
Delaware
$9,693Value
$9,693
10. Maine
Maine
$9,344Value
$9,344
11. Maryland
Maryland
$9,153Value
$9,153
12. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
$9,004Value
$9,004
13. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
$8,997Value
$8,997
14. Wyoming
Wyoming
$8,985Value
$8,985
15. Michigan
Michigan
$8,781Value
$8,781
16. Ohio
Ohio
$8,632Value
$8,632
17. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
$8,579Value
$8,579
18. West Virginia
West Virginia
$8,319Value
$8,319
 Value
19. Illinois
Illinois
$8,287Value
$8,287
20. Minnesota
Minnesota
$8,109Value
$8,109
21. Hawaii
Hawaii
$8,100Value
$8,100
22. Nebraska
Nebraska
$8,074Value
$8,074
23. Indiana
Indiana
$8,057Value
$8,057
United States
United States
$8,044Value
$8,044
24. Virginia
Virginia
$7,822Value
$7,822
25. Georgia
Georgia
$7,774Value
$7,774
26. Iowa
Iowa
$7,574Value
$7,574
27. California
California
$7,552Value
$7,552
28. Montana
Montana
$7,496Value
$7,496
29. Missouri
Missouri
$7,495Value
$7,495
30. Oregon
Oregon
$7,491Value
$7,491
31. Kansas
Kansas
$7,454Value
$7,454
32. Colorado
Colorado
$7,384Value
$7,384
33. Washington
Washington
$7,252Value
$7,252
34. Texas
Texas
$7,136Value
$7,136
35. New Mexico
New Mexico
$7,125Value
$7,125
 Value
36. South Carolina
South Carolina
$7,040Value
$7,040
37. Louisiana
Louisiana
$6,922Value
$6,922
38. North Dakota
North Dakota
$6,870Value
$6,870
39. Kentucky
Kentucky
$6,661Value
$6,661
40. North Carolina
North Carolina
$6,562Value
$6,562
41. South Dakota
South Dakota
$6,547Value
$6,547
42. Arkansas
Arkansas
$6,482Value
$6,482
43. Florida
Florida
$6,439Value
$6,439
44. Alabama
Alabama
$6,300Value
$6,300
45. Arizona
Arizona
$6,283Value
$6,283
46. Tennessee
Tennessee
$6,118Value
$6,118
T-47. Nevada
Nevada
$6,092Value
$6,092
T-47. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
$6,092Value
$6,092
49. Idaho
Idaho
$6,081Value
$6,081
50. Mississippi
Mississippi
$5,792Value
$5,792
51. Utah
Utah
$4,838Value
$4,838

Notes:
1. Current expenditures include public charter school expenditures but exclude capital and debt service expenditures. In Tennessee, capital expenditures include non-routine repairs and replacements costing at least $100,000 and new construction, land acquisition, equipment, and projects that extend the useful life of facilities. Debt service includes payments on debt obligations, including principal and interest payments.
2. State disparities in current per-pupil expenditures may exist based on what states classify as current expenses (for example, states set different capitalization thresholds that determine which expenses qualify as capital outlays and which do not).

Sources
  1. Graph 1: “State Report Card,” Tennessee Department of Education, accessed June 21, 2016, https://www.tn.gov/education/topic/report-card https://www.tn.gov/education/article/2015-annual-statistical-report
  2. Graph 3: “Current expenditure per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction,” U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics (search by year), last accessed February 3, 2016, https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/index.asp.
  3. Graph 3 notes: “Capital Budgeting in the States,” National Association of State Budget Officers (Spring 2014), accessed June 24, 2016, https://www.nasbo.org/sites/default/files/Capital%20Budgeting%20in%20the%20States.pdf.

Revenues

Percentage of revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source
 FederalStateLocal
United States 9.3 45.2 45.5
Alabama 11.8 54.8 33.4
Alaska 12.1 68.5 19.3
Arizona 13.6 42.2 44.1
Arkansas 12.1 51.9 35.9
California 11.2 54.3 34.5
Colorado 7.9 42.3 49.8
Connecticut 4.4 39.5 56.2
Delaware 10.1 58.8 31.1
Florida 12.6 38.6 48.8
Georgia 10.7 43.6 45.8
Hawaii 13.3 84.2 2.5
Idaho 11.9 64.0 24.0
Illinois 8.6 26.1 65.3
Indiana 8.7 56.0 35.3
Iowa 7.8 51.7 40.5
Kansas 8.6 55.1 36.4
Kentucky 12.3 54.5 33.2
Louisiana 15.2 43.3 41.6
Maine 7.6 39.9 52.5
Maryland 6.0 44.2 49.8
Massachusetts 5.7 39.4 54.9
Michigan 9.8 58.7 31.5
Minnesota 6.3 64.5 29.2
Mississippi 16.1 50.4 33.5
Missouri 9.0 32.8 58.2
Montana 12.9 48.1 39.0
Nebraska 9.4 32.0 58.5
Nevada 9.7 33.7 56.5
New Hampshire 5.7 35.5 58.8
New Jersey 4.4 40.8 54.8
New Mexico 15.2 68.6 16.2
New York 5.5 40.1 54.4
North Carolina 12.6 62.2 25.2
North Dakota 11.8 51.0 37.3
Ohio 8.6 43.5 47.9
Oklahoma 12.4 49.2 38.5
Oregon 9.2 49.4 41.4
Pennsylvania 8.0 35.9 56.2
Rhode Island 8.7 38.9 52.4
South Carolina 10.0 46.4 43.6
South Dakota 15.0 31.2 53.8
Tennessee 13.0 45.7 41.3
Texas 11.7 40.2 48.0
Utah 9.2 52.0 38.7
Vermont 7.1 88.9 4.0
Virginia 7.3 38.9 53.7
Washington 8.6 59.0 32.4
West Virginia 10.7 59.0 30.3
Wisconsin 7.9 45.0 47.2
Wyoming 6.7 52.0 41.3
 FederalStateLocal
United States 9.3 45.2 45.5
Alabama 11.8 54.8 33.4
Alaska 12.1 68.5 19.3
Arizona 13.6 42.2 44.1
Arkansas 12.1 51.9 35.9
California 11.2 54.3 34.5
Colorado 7.9 42.3 49.8
Connecticut 4.4 39.5 56.2
Delaware 10.1 58.8 31.1
Florida 12.6 38.6 48.8
Georgia 10.7 43.6 45.8
Hawaii 13.3 84.2 2.5
Idaho 11.9 64.0 24.0
Illinois 8.6 26.1 65.3
Indiana 8.7 56.0 35.3
Iowa 7.8 51.7 40.5
Kansas 8.6 55.1 36.4
Kentucky 12.3 54.5 33.2
Louisiana 15.2 43.3 41.6
Maine 7.6 39.9 52.5
Maryland 6.0 44.2 49.8
Massachusetts 5.7 39.4 54.9
Michigan 9.8 58.7 31.5
Minnesota 6.3 64.5 29.2
Mississippi 16.1 50.4 33.5
Missouri 9.0 32.8 58.2
 FederalStateLocal
Montana 12.9 48.1 39.0
Nebraska 9.4 32.0 58.5
Nevada 9.7 33.7 56.5
New Hampshire 5.7 35.5 58.8
New Jersey 4.4 40.8 54.8
New Mexico 15.2 68.6 16.2
New York 5.5 40.1 54.4
North Carolina 12.6 62.2 25.2
North Dakota 11.8 51.0 37.3
Ohio 8.6 43.5 47.9
Oklahoma 12.4 49.2 38.5
Oregon 9.2 49.4 41.4
Pennsylvania 8.0 35.9 56.2
Rhode Island 8.7 38.9 52.4
South Carolina 10.0 46.4 43.6
South Dakota 15.0 31.2 53.8
Tennessee 13.0 45.7 41.3
Texas 11.7 40.2 48.0
Utah 9.2 52.0 38.7
Vermont 7.1 88.9 4.0
Virginia 7.3 38.9 53.7
Washington 8.6 59.0 32.4
West Virginia 10.7 59.0 30.3
Wisconsin 7.9 45.0 47.2
Wyoming 6.7 52.0 41.3
 FederalStateLocal
United States 8.5 48.7 42.8
Alabama 11.6 57.6 30.9
Alaska 17.7 56.8 25.5
Arizona 11.4 48.4 40.2
Arkansas 11.7 55.2 33.0
California 9.9 58.9 31.3
Colorado 6.5 43.1 50.4
Connecticut 5.2 37.4 57.4
Delaware 8.6 63.4 28.0
Florida 10.5 43.6 45.8
Georgia 8.1 48.2 43.7
Hawaii 8.2 90.1 1.7
Idaho 9.8 59.1 31.1
Illinois 8.5 33.0 58.5
Indiana 7.6 58.8 33.5
Iowa 7.4 46.6 46.0
Kansas 9.1 57.1 33.8
Kentucky 10.6 58.8 30.7
Louisiana 13.2 49.1 37.7
Maine 8.9 42.9 48.1
Maryland 6.7 38.3 55.0
Massachusetts 6.0 40.9 53.1
Michigan 7.8 63.3 28.9
Minnesota 5.9 73.8 20.2
Mississippi 15.4 53.8 30.8
Missouri 8.0 35.8 56.2
Montana 14.5 46.3 39.2
Nebraska 8.9 34.4 56.7
Nevada 7.0 30.2 62.8
New Hampshire 5.2 48.9 45.9
New Jersey 4.3 43.5 52.2
New Mexico 15.0 72.1 12.9
New York 7.0 45.6 47.5
North Carolina 9.6 63.7 26.7
North Dakota 15.3 36.8 47.9
Ohio 6.4 44.8 48.7
Oklahoma 12.7 54.7 32.6
Oregon 9.1 50.9 40.0
Pennsylvania 7.7 36.6 55.6
Rhode Island 6.5 42.0 51.5
South Carolina 9.8 48.1 42.1
South Dakota 15.7 33.7 50.6
Tennessee 10.0 43.8 46.1
Texas 9.9 40.9 49.2
Utah 9.3 56.4 34.3
Vermont 7.0 67.8 25.3
Virginia 6.6 39.6 53.8
Washington 9.0 61.8 29.2
West Virginia 10.6 61.4 27.9
Wisconsin 6.1 53.4 40.6
Wyoming 8.8 50.9 40.3
 FederalStateLocal
United States 8.5 48.7 42.8
Alabama 11.6 57.6 30.9
Alaska 17.7 56.8 25.5
Arizona 11.4 48.4 40.2
Arkansas 11.7 55.2 33.0
California 9.9 58.9 31.3
Colorado 6.5 43.1 50.4
Connecticut 5.2 37.4 57.4
Delaware 8.6 63.4 28.0
Florida 10.5 43.6 45.8
Georgia 8.1 48.2 43.7
Hawaii 8.2 90.1 1.7
Idaho 9.8 59.1 31.1
Illinois 8.5 33.0 58.5
Indiana 7.6 58.8 33.5
Iowa 7.4 46.6 46.0
Kansas 9.1 57.1 33.8
Kentucky 10.6 58.8 30.7
Louisiana 13.2 49.1 37.7
Maine 8.9 42.9 48.1
Maryland 6.7 38.3 55.0
Massachusetts 6.0 40.9 53.1
Michigan 7.8 63.3 28.9
Minnesota 5.9 73.8 20.2
Mississippi 15.4 53.8 30.8
Missouri 8.0 35.8 56.2
 FederalStateLocal
Montana 14.5 46.3 39.2
Nebraska 8.9 34.4 56.7
Nevada 7.0 30.2 62.8
New Hampshire 5.2 48.9 45.9
New Jersey 4.3 43.5 52.2
New Mexico 15.0 72.1 12.9
New York 7.0 45.6 47.5
North Carolina 9.6 63.7 26.7
North Dakota 15.3 36.8 47.9
Ohio 6.4 44.8 48.7
Oklahoma 12.7 54.7 32.6
Oregon 9.1 50.9 40.0
Pennsylvania 7.7 36.6 55.6
Rhode Island 6.5 42.0 51.5
South Carolina 9.8 48.1 42.1
South Dakota 15.7 33.7 50.6
Tennessee 10.0 43.8 46.1
Texas 9.9 40.9 49.2
Utah 9.3 56.4 34.3
Vermont 7.0 67.8 25.3
Virginia 6.6 39.6 53.8
Washington 9.0 61.8 29.2
West Virginia 10.6 61.4 27.9
Wisconsin 6.1 53.4 40.6
Wyoming 8.8 50.9 40.3
Source
  1. "Revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source of funds and state or jurisdiction," U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics (search by year), last accessed June 20, 2016, https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/.

K–12 achievement

HOW THE SYSTEM IS WORKING

State Proficiency Test Results

In 2010, Tennessee updated its existing education standards to address changing postsecondary and workplace expectations and prepare students for college and career. In 2015, the legislature instituted a formal state review process to ensure Tennessee’s academic needs are specifically met in the adoption of quality, rigorous standards by the state board of education. In Tennessee, student TCAP scores in grades 3–8 comprise a percentage of the student’s final grade (ranging from 15–25% and optional by district). Finally, in the spring of 2016, the State Board of Education approved new Math and English Language Arts.

TCAP Test Results Over the past 3 years
3–8 Math
3–8 Reading
3–8 Science
3–8 Social Studies
Algebra 1
Algebra 2
Biology
English 1
English 2
English 3
US History
Chemistry
3–8 Math
3–8 Reading
3–8 Science
3–8 Social Studies
Algebra 1
Algebra 2
Biology
English 1
English 2
English 3
US History
Chemistry
3–8 Math
3–8 Reading
3–8 Science
3–8 Social Studies
Algebra 1
Algebra 2
Biology
English 1
English 2
English 3
US History
Chemistry
Sources
  1. “State Report Card,” Tennessee Department of Education, accessed June 21, 2016, https://www.tn.gov/education/topic/report-card
  2. “TCA,” Tennessee Code Annotated, 49-1-617, accessed on LexisNexis August 7, 2016, https://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/
  3. “State Board Approves New Tennessee Math and English Language Arts Standards.” TN SBE, last accessed August 3, 2016, https://www.tn.gov/sbe/news/39679

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) proficiency rates

Every two years, NAEP—also known as “The Nation’s Report Card”—tests a sample of students across the U.S., allowing us to assess both our students’ overall proficiency and how Tennessee students are faring relative to their peers in other states.

Tennessee Proficiency Rates over time
Tennessee’s national ranking* in NAEP proficiency: 4th grade reading (proficiency rates in parentheses)
All students
White
Black
Hispanic
Low-income
All students
White
Black
Hispanic
Low-income

*Rankings include D.C. but are not always out of 51. NAEP does not test every student—it tests a sample of students in each state—and therefore states with small populations of racial/ethnic subgroups do not have large enough samples of those students to report proficiency rates.

Tennessee’s national ranking* in NAEP proficiency gap size: 4th grade reading (largest gap ranked first)
White/Black gap
White/Hispanic gap
Non-low-income/low-income gap
White/Black gap
White/Hispanic gap
Non-low-income/low-income gap

*Rankings include D.C. but are not always out of 51. NAEP does not test every student—it tests a sample of students in each state—and therefore states with small populations of racial/ethnic subgroups do not have large enough samples of those students to report proficiency rates.

Tennessee’s national ranking* in NAEP proficiency: 8th grade math (proficiency rates in parentheses)
All students
White
Black
Hispanic
Low-income
All students
White
Black
Hispanic
Low-income

*Rankings include D.C. but are not always out of 51. NAEP does not test every student—it tests a sample of students in each state—and therefore states with small populations of racial/ethnic subgroups do not have large enough samples of those students to report proficiency rates.

Tennessee’s national ranking* in NAEP proficiency gap size: 8th grade math (largest gap ranked first)
White/Black gap
White/Hispanic gap
Non-low-income/low-income gap
White/Black gap
White/Hispanic gap
Non-low-income/low-income gap

*Rankings include D.C. but are not always out of 51. NAEP does not test every student—it tests a sample of students in each state—and therefore states with small populations of racial/ethnic subgroups do not have large enough samples of those students to report proficiency rates.

Sources
  1. Graph 1: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP Data Explorer, accessed June 26, 2016, https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/dataset.aspx
  2. Graphs 2-5: “NAEP Data Explorer,” U.S. Department of Education, accessed March 7, 2016, https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/dataset.aspx.

Preparing for postsecondary education

HOW THE SYSTEM IS WORKING

Over the past decades, Tennessee has seen graduation rates and college test scores rise steadily as far more students are graduating and moving on to postsecondary opportunities. Tennessee’s Drive to 55 program has placed an increased emphasis on postsecondary achievement resulting in a state with far more students in colleges and certificate programs across the state.

Tennessee High School Graduation Rates Across Time
Overall
White
African-American
Latino
Asian
Native American
Female
Male
Overall
White
African-American
Latino
Asian
Native American
Female
Male
Overall
White
African-American
Latino
Asian
Native American
Female
Male
Source
  1. Graph 1: “State Report Card,” Tennessee Department of Education, accessed June 21, 2016, https://www.tn.gov/education/topic/report-card
Tennessee’s national rankings* in four-year cohort graduation rates
All students
White
Black
Hispanic
Asian/Pacific Islander
American Indian/Alaska Native
Low-income
Limited English proficiency
Students with disabilities
All students
White
Black
Hispanic
Asian/Pacific Islander
American Indian/Alaska Native
Low-income
Limited English proficiency
Students with disabilities
All students
White
Black
Hispanic
Asian/Pacific Islander
American Indian/Alaska Native
Low-income
Limited English proficiency
Students with disabilities
All students
White
Black
Hispanic
Asian/Pacific Islander
American Indian/Alaska Native
Low-income
Limited English proficiency
Students with disabilities

*Rankings include D.C. but are not always out of 51. Some states did not report graduation rates for certain subgroups in certain years to the U.S. Department of Education, the source of our data. The total number of states among which Tennessee is ranked is noted in the graph.

Source
  1. Graph 2: “ED Data Express,” U.S. Department of Education, accessed March 7, 2016, http://eddataexpress.ed.gov/state-tables-main.cfm.

ACT

Starting in 2010, Tennessee became one of a growing number of states to require that every high school junior take the ACT. Our state has seen a small but steady increase in ACT scores overall and by subject over the past five years. Though our students still score slightly below the national average of 21 out of 36, our rising scores have led to an increase in Tennessee students pursuing post-secondary options after high school each year.

ACT Scores
Overall English Math Reading Science
National Average2120.420.821.420.9
Tennessee Average19.418.918.919.619.5
swipe to explore the table
Tennessee ACT Scores Across Time
Overall
English
Math
Reading
Science
Overall
English
Math
Reading
Science
Overall
English
Math
Reading
Science
Overall
English
Math
Reading
Science
Overall
English
Math
Reading
Science
Overall
English
Math
Reading
Science
Overall
English
Math
Reading
Science

Note: 2010 was the first year the ACT was mandatory for all Tennessee students.

Sources
  1. “State Report Card,” Tennessee Department of Education, accessed June 21, 2016, https://www.tn.gov/education/topic/report-card
  2. “Tennessee’s Average ACT Scores Mostly Stagnant,” Chalkbeat TN, last accessed August 1, 2016, http://www.chalkbeat.org/posts/tn/2015/08/26/tennessees-average-act-scores-mostly-stagnant/#.V6ndF2SrQzU

Postsecondary education outcomes

HOW THE SYSTEM IS WORKING

College enrollment

Estimated percentage of high school graduates (public and private) enrolling in college within 12 months of graduation
 Value
1. Mississippi
Mississippi
78.8Value
78.8
2. Connecticut
Connecticut
70.8Value
70.8
3. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
70.7Value
70.7
4. New York
New York
70.0Value
70.0
5. Minnesota
Minnesota
69.9Value
69.9
6. New Mexico
New Mexico
69.4Value
69.4
7. South Dakota
South Dakota
68.9Value
68.9
8. New Jersey
New Jersey
67.9Value
67.9
9. Arkansas
Arkansas
67.2Value
67.2
10. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
67.1Value
67.1
11. Georgia
Georgia
66.5Value
66.5
T-12. South Carolina
South Carolina
65.3Value
65.3
T-12. Kansas
Kansas
65.3Value
65.3
14. North Dakota
North Dakota
64.9Value
64.9
15. Delaware
Delaware
64.8Value
64.8
T-16. Hawaii
Hawaii
64.7Value
64.7
T-16. Louisiana
Louisiana
64.7Value
64.7
T-18. Virginia
Virginia
64.6Value
64.6
T-18. Nebraska
Nebraska
64.6Value
64.6
20. Indiana
Indiana
63.0Value
63.0
21. Kentucky
Kentucky
62.9Value
62.9
22. Florida
Florida
62.8Value
62.8
T-23. Missouri
Missouri
61.9Value
61.9
T-23. North Carolina
North Carolina
61.9Value
61.9
T-25. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
61.7Value
61.7
United States
United States
61.7Value
61.7
26. Michigan
Michigan
61.5Value
61.5
27. Maryland
Maryland
60.5Value
60.5
28. Tennessee
Tennessee
60.4Value
60.4
29. Illinois
Illinois
60.2Value
60.2
30. Ohio
Ohio
59.9Value
59.9
31. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
59.4Value
59.4
32. Alabama
Alabama
59.3Value
59.3
33. Colorado
Colorado
59.2Value
59.2
34. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
58.6Value
58.6
35. California
California
58.5Value
58.5
36. Montana
Montana
58.3Value
58.3
T-37. Texas
Texas
57.7Value
57.7
T-37. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
57.7Value
57.7
39. Wyoming
Wyoming
56.6Value
56.6
40. Iowa
Iowa
56.5Value
56.5
41. West Virginia
West Virginia
55.7Value
55.7
42. Nevada
Nevada
54.1Value
54.1
43. Maine
Maine
53.9Value
53.9
44. Vermont
Vermont
53.2Value
53.2
45. Arizona
Arizona
53.1Value
53.1
46. Utah
Utah
50.8Value
50.8
47. Idaho
Idaho
48.2Value
48.2
48. Washington
Washington
48.0Value
48.0
49. Oregon
Oregon
46.9Value
46.9
50. Alaska
Alaska
45.6Value
45.6
51. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
43.4Value
43.4
 Value
1. Mississippi
Mississippi
78.8Value
78.8
2. Connecticut
Connecticut
70.8Value
70.8
3. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
70.7Value
70.7
4. New York
New York
70.0Value
70.0
5. Minnesota
Minnesota
69.9Value
69.9
6. New Mexico
New Mexico
69.4Value
69.4
7. South Dakota
South Dakota
68.9Value
68.9
8. New Jersey
New Jersey
67.9Value
67.9
9. Arkansas
Arkansas
67.2Value
67.2
10. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
67.1Value
67.1
11. Georgia
Georgia
66.5Value
66.5
T-12. South Carolina
South Carolina
65.3Value
65.3
T-12. Kansas
Kansas
65.3Value
65.3
14. North Dakota
North Dakota
64.9Value
64.9
15. Delaware
Delaware
64.8Value
64.8
T-16. Hawaii
Hawaii
64.7Value
64.7
T-16. Louisiana
Louisiana
64.7Value
64.7
T-18. Virginia
Virginia
64.6Value
64.6
 Value
T-18. Nebraska
Nebraska
64.6Value
64.6
20. Indiana
Indiana
63.0Value
63.0
21. Kentucky
Kentucky
62.9Value
62.9
22. Florida
Florida
62.8Value
62.8
T-23. Missouri
Missouri
61.9Value
61.9
T-23. North Carolina
North Carolina
61.9Value
61.9
T-25. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
61.7Value
61.7
United States
United States
61.7Value
61.7
26. Michigan
Michigan
61.5Value
61.5
27. Maryland
Maryland
60.5Value
60.5
28. Tennessee
Tennessee
60.4Value
60.4
29. Illinois
Illinois
60.2Value
60.2
30. Ohio
Ohio
59.9Value
59.9
31. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
59.4Value
59.4
32. Alabama
Alabama
59.3Value
59.3
33. Colorado
Colorado
59.2Value
59.2
34. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
58.6Value
58.6
35. California
California
58.5Value
58.5
 Value
36. Montana
Montana
58.3Value
58.3
T-37. Texas
Texas
57.7Value
57.7
T-37. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
57.7Value
57.7
39. Wyoming
Wyoming
56.6Value
56.6
40. Iowa
Iowa
56.5Value
56.5
41. West Virginia
West Virginia
55.7Value
55.7
42. Nevada
Nevada
54.1Value
54.1
43. Maine
Maine
53.9Value
53.9
44. Vermont
Vermont
53.2Value
53.2
45. Arizona
Arizona
53.1Value
53.1
46. Utah
Utah
50.8Value
50.8
47. Idaho
Idaho
48.2Value
48.2
48. Washington
Washington
48.0Value
48.0
49. Oregon
Oregon
46.9Value
46.9
50. Alaska
Alaska
45.6Value
45.6
51. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
43.4Value
43.4
Source
  1. Graph 3: “Estimated rate of 2011-2012 high school graduates attending degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by state,” U.S. Department of Education National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics (browse by year), accessed June 24, 2016, https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/current_tables.asp.

College completion

Percentage of Tennessee college students graduating from two-year public colleges within three years
All students
White
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino
Asian
Asian or Pacific Islander
American Indian or Alaska Native
All students
White
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino
Asian
Asian or Pacific Islander
American Indian or Alaska Native
All students
White
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino
Asian
Asian or Pacific Islander
American Indian or Alaska Native
All students
White
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino
Asian
Asian or Pacific Islander
American Indian or Alaska Native

Note: The three-year graduation rate for a cohort year is the percentage of students matriculating in the fall of that year who graduate by the spring of the year three years later. For example, the three-year graduation rate for members of cohort year 2011 is the percentage of those students graduating by the spring of 2014.

Percentage of Tennessee college students graduating from four-year public universities within six years
All students
White
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino
Asian
Asian or Pacific Islander
American Indian or Alaska Native
All students
White
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino
Asian
Asian or Pacific Islander
American Indian or Alaska Native
All students
White
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino
Asian
Asian or Pacific Islander
American Indian or Alaska Native
All students
White
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino
Asian
Asian or Pacific Islander
American Indian or Alaska Native
Percentage of college students nationwide graduating from four-year public universities within six years
 Value
1. Delaware
Delaware
73.2Value
73.2
2. Virginia
Virginia
70.4Value
70.4
3. Iowa
Iowa
68.4Value
68.4
4. New Jersey
New Jersey
68.3Value
68.3
5. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
67.8Value
67.8
6. California
California
65.9Value
65.9
7. Vermont
Vermont
64.2Value
64.2
8. Connecticut
Connecticut
63.5Value
63.5
T-9. Maryland
Maryland
63.0Value
63.0
T-9. North Carolina
North Carolina
63.0Value
63.0
11. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
62.8Value
62.8
12. Illinois
Illinois
62.3Value
62.3
13. South Carolina
South Carolina
61.3Value
61.3
14. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
59.5Value
59.5
15. Washington
Washington
59.3Value
59.3
16. Minnesota
Minnesota
59.2Value
59.2
17. Arizona
Arizona
59.0Value
59.0
18. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
58.6Value
58.6
T-19. Michigan
Michigan
58.2Value
58.2
T-19. Oregon
Oregon
58.2Value
58.2
21. Nebraska
Nebraska
57.0Value
57.0
22. Missouri
Missouri
55.9Value
55.9
United States
United States
55.6Value
55.6
T-23. Colorado
Colorado
54.4Value
54.4
T-23. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
54.4Value
54.4
25. Indiana
Indiana
54.2Value
54.2
26. Wyoming
Wyoming
54.0Value
54.0
27. New York
New York
53.5Value
53.5
28. Kansas
Kansas
53.0Value
53.0
29. Mississippi
Mississippi
52.3Value
52.3
30. Ohio
Ohio
52.2Value
52.2
31. North Dakota
North Dakota
51.3Value
51.3
32. Florida
Florida
50.8Value
50.8
33. Texas
Texas
50.6Value
50.6
34. Alabama
Alabama
50.4Value
50.4
35. South Dakota
South Dakota
50.2Value
50.2
36. Tennessee
Tennessee
49.5Value
49.5
37. Maine
Maine
48.2Value
48.2
38. Kentucky
Kentucky
47.9Value
47.9
39. Louisiana
Louisiana
46.1Value
46.1
40. Hawaii
Hawaii
45.4Value
45.4
41. West Virginia
West Virginia
44.7Value
44.7
42. Montana
Montana
44.5Value
44.5
43. Utah
Utah
43.8Value
43.8
44. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
43.7Value
43.7
45. Arkansas
Arkansas
42.1Value
42.1
46. Georgia
Georgia
41.3Value
41.3
47. New Mexico
New Mexico
40.9Value
40.9
48. Idaho
Idaho
40.8Value
40.8
49. Nevada
Nevada
35.4Value
35.4
50. Alaska
Alaska
26.9Value
26.9
51. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
13.3Value
13.3
 Value
1. Delaware
Delaware
73.2Value
73.2
2. Virginia
Virginia
70.4Value
70.4
3. Iowa
Iowa
68.4Value
68.4
4. New Jersey
New Jersey
68.3Value
68.3
5. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
67.8Value
67.8
6. California
California
65.9Value
65.9
7. Vermont
Vermont
64.2Value
64.2
8. Connecticut
Connecticut
63.5Value
63.5
T-9. Maryland
Maryland
63.0Value
63.0
T-9. North Carolina
North Carolina
63.0Value
63.0
11. Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
62.8Value
62.8
12. Illinois
Illinois
62.3Value
62.3
13. South Carolina
South Carolina
61.3Value
61.3
14. Massachusetts
Massachusetts
59.5Value
59.5
15. Washington
Washington
59.3Value
59.3
16. Minnesota
Minnesota
59.2Value
59.2
17. Arizona
Arizona
59.0Value
59.0
18. Wisconsin
Wisconsin
58.6Value
58.6
 Value
T-19. Michigan
Michigan
58.2Value
58.2
T-19. Oregon
Oregon
58.2Value
58.2
21. Nebraska
Nebraska
57.0Value
57.0
22. Missouri
Missouri
55.9Value
55.9
United States
United States
55.6Value
55.6
T-23. Colorado
Colorado
54.4Value
54.4
T-23. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
54.4Value
54.4
25. Indiana
Indiana
54.2Value
54.2
26. Wyoming
Wyoming
54.0Value
54.0
27. New York
New York
53.5Value
53.5
28. Kansas
Kansas
53.0Value
53.0
29. Mississippi
Mississippi
52.3Value
52.3
30. Ohio
Ohio
52.2Value
52.2
31. North Dakota
North Dakota
51.3Value
51.3
32. Florida
Florida
50.8Value
50.8
33. Texas
Texas
50.6Value
50.6
34. Alabama
Alabama
50.4Value
50.4
35. South Dakota
South Dakota
50.2Value
50.2
 Value
36. Tennessee
Tennessee
49.5Value
49.5
37. Maine
Maine
48.2Value
48.2
38. Kentucky
Kentucky
47.9Value
47.9
39. Louisiana
Louisiana
46.1Value
46.1
40. Hawaii
Hawaii
45.4Value
45.4
41. West Virginia
West Virginia
44.7Value
44.7
42. Montana
Montana
44.5Value
44.5
43. Utah
Utah
43.8Value
43.8
44. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
43.7Value
43.7
45. Arkansas
Arkansas
42.1Value
42.1
46. Georgia
Georgia
41.3Value
41.3
47. New Mexico
New Mexico
40.9Value
40.9
48. Idaho
Idaho
40.8Value
40.8
49. Nevada
Nevada
35.4Value
35.4
50. Alaska
Alaska
26.9Value
26.9
51. District of Columbia
District of Columbia
13.3Value
13.3
Source
  1. Graph 6: "IPEDS Trend Generator," U.S. Department of Education National Center for Education Statistics, accessed June 24, 2016, http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/trendgenerator/.